Science

  1. Introduction to Physical Science [24:33] – The segment Solid, Liquid, and Gas (7 min.) explains water’s different states and how it changes from ice to liquid to steam. Then Heat and Matter (6 min.) illustrates what happens when heat changes water from one state to another. Heat is also featured in Thermal and Light Energy (5 min.), which describes the spectrum of light waves that includes visible colors and invisible microwaves. Forces and Gravity (3 min.) introduces the concepts of gravity, force, inertia, and motion with visual examples of each.
  2. Rules of Motion and Forces – Facts About Forces (8 min.)—See how gravity and friction keep us grounded. Laws of Motion (6 min.)—In this segment, overcome inertia with Newton’s laws of motion. Rotation and Revolution (4 min.)—Discover why a day is not 24 hours. How We Fly (3 min.)—Take to the skies and experience how we fly.
  3. Geological Processes – In 1989, Northern California felt the effects of an earthquake that measured 7.0 on the Richter scale—powerful evidence of the Earth’s inner turmoil. Segments cover earthquakes, types of rock, identification of minerals, and plate tectonics. The Rock Cycle—Takes students around the United States to find examples of the three types of rock: igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary. How To Identify Minerals—Travels with a geologist who explains how a rock found in Namibia is identical to one found in Argentina. Plate Tectonics—explains why the surface of the Earth looks the way it does as a result of the activity that goes on below it. • The Rock Cycle (7 min.) • How To Identify Minerals (7 min.) • Plate Tectonics (5 min.)
  4. Prehistoric Earth – How do geologists know what happened on Earth billions of years ago? Segments cover the nature and divisions of geologic time, a variety of prehistoric life-forms, and how fossils reveal clues to Earth’s distant past. Geologic Time—Explains the system used by scientists to describe and organize prehistoric time periods. Prehistoric Life—Discusses what modern scientists study to uncover facts about the past. Events in Earth’s Past—Chronicles events in the four major periods within the geologic time scale: Precambrian and the Paleozoic, Mesozoic Era, and Cenozoic eras. Dinosaurs and Fossils—Points out that each time period is marked by a significant change in the number or type of fossils found, and explores what fossils reveal about Earth’s history. • Geologic Time (6 min.) • Prehistoric Life (4 min.) • Events in Earth’s Past (5 min.) • Dinosaurs and Fossils (5 min.)
  5. Liftoff Into Space – Discover the history of Rockets (5 min.), from their origins as Chinese fireworks to powering the space shuttle. Find out about weightlessness and other challenges faced in space and what scientists have discovered to make Exploring Space (6 min.) possible. Even from Earth, you can see what makes the moon glow and the sun rise and set in Night and Day (6 min.). Life on Mars? (3 min.) traces the history of man’s fascination with life on Mars from Lowell’s observations to modern video images.
  6. The Story of the Solar System [24:34] – Formation of the Solar System: Learn how galaxies came together. Solar Energy and Wind: Witness the power contained in the sun’s energy and wind. The Planets: Go from Mercury to Pluto as you travel the planets. Orbiting the Sun: Examine the role comets and asteroids play in the night sky.
  7. The Moon and Beyond – What does it take to explore the last frontier? Segments cover telescopes, Earth’s atmosphere, our neighboring planets, and the moon. The Telescope—Surveys the changes this instrument has undergone, from early models to the Hubble Space Telescope, and introduces Galileo Galilei, the first person to point a telescope towards the heavens. Life of a Star—Explores the sun as a star from formation to burnout, illustrating the meaning of solar flare, nebulae, white dwarf, super nova, black hole, and neutron star. Heavenly Bodies—Travels from tiny Mercury to faraway Pluto to investigate the planets in our solar system. The Moon—Explains how Earth’s familiar satellite makes our oceans move. • The Telescope (6 min.) • Heavenly Bodies (5 min.) • Life of a Star (5 min.) • The Moon (7 min.)
  8. Exploring Stars – Characteristics of Stars (4 min.)—Discover what it takes to be a star. Understanding Stars (8 min.)—Learn more about those twinkling objects in the night sky. Studying the Stars (9 min.)—From Galileo to Hubble, see how telescopes have helped us with studying the stars.
  9. Our Natural World – Learn about the diverse animals, plants, and ecosystems native to the Americas. Segments cover temperate and tropical rain forests, the changing seasons, and butterflies. Exploring Olympic National Park—Follows the cycles of life in a temperate rain forest. The Four Seasons—Analyzes the characteristics of winter, spring, summer, and fall in several environments. The Lives of Butterflies—Traces the monarch’s stages of life and the natural transformation that every butterfly experiences. • Exploring Olympic National Park (7 min.) • The Four Seasons (7 min.) • The Lives of Butterflies (9 min.)
  10. What is a Living Thing? – How do biologists classify a new species found in the Galápagos Islands? Segments cover the characteristics that scientists employ to group all plants and animals. Classification of Living Things—Explains the system that is based on shared physical characteristics and internal structures. Characteristics of Living Things—Highlights seven key functions—movement, sensitivity, respiration, nutrition, growth, excretion, and reproduction. Classification of Plants—Takes into consideration how plants absorb water, if they have seeds, and whether they bear flowers. Classification of Animals—Looks at different features each animal possesses, such as skeletal structure and method of breathing. • Classification of Living Things (5 min.) • Characteristics of Living Things (5 min.) • Classification of Plants (5 min.) • Classification of Animals (6 min.)
  11. Life Cycles – Humans, animals, and plants reproduce so their species will survive. Segments cover types of reproduction, inherited and learned characteristics, and the role of cells. Life Cycles—Explains the difference between sexual and asexual reproduction. Heredity—Discusses how genes and mutations are passed to offspring during the reproduction process. Behavior—Focuses on traits that are learned as organisms make adaptations in order to survive. Cell Structure—Explores the biology and function of the building blocks of life. • Life Cycles (6 min.) • Heredity (5 min.) • Behavior (6 min.) • Cell Structure (6 min.)
  12. All About Plants – Plants surround us everywhere, and the segment Plant Cells (6 min.) highlights the similarities and differences between cells in plants and animals. The Needs of Plants (6 min.) explains the process of photosynthesis that plants use to stay alive—and release oxygen. Plant Reproduction (4 min.) describes and illustrates the mechanisms that plants have developed for reproducing, while Trees (3 min.) explains how trees differ from other plants and how they contribute to the ecosystem of the forest, dead or alive.
  13. Protecting Our Planet – See how wind, water, and ice continually change the landscape in Erosion (7 min.). In Conservation (6 min.), learn what people can do to minimize their effect on the Earth. Explore the human presence in Galápagos (4 min.) and learn what ecologists are doing to protect certain species. The segment Rain Forest Plants (3 min.) illustrates the delicate balance of the four layers of the rain forest ecosystem and how scientists hope this plant diversity holds secrets to medical breakthroughs.
  14. People and the Environment – What are the effects of human industry on our planet, and how can we change our ways of life to improve its health? Segments cover the causes and effects of air and water pollution and hazardous waste and the impact of recycling and other conservation efforts. Ecosystems, Populations, and Habitats—Traverses Australia and the North American prairie to find out how these areas are protected from air and water pollution. Natural Resources, Pollution, Conservation, and Recycling—Explores innovative techniques for cleaning up the environment. Humans and Their Environment—Portrays ways cities work to find solutions to reduce pollution while facing increasing amounts of waste in landfills. Water, Pollution, and Hazardous Waste—Examines the causes of air and water pollution, and discusses how recycling and reusing can preserve resources and reduce the amount of waste generated. • Ecosystems, Populations, and Habitats (5 min.) • Natural Resources, Pollution, Conservation, and Recycling (5 min.) • Humans and Their Environment (5 min.) • Water, Pollution, and Hazardous Waste (4 min.)
  15. Earth’s Ecology – Oceans provide habitats for millions of marine species and cover more than 70 percent of Earth’s surface. Segments detail seafloor maps, the role of water in our planet’s life cycles, three states of matter, and the crucial balance among all life-forms. Oceans—See how scientists explore and map of the world’s oceans. Cycles—Identifies water, oxygen, and nitrogen as essential to the functioning and survival of life and to the recycling of organic materials. Water’s Three States—Visits frigid Antarctica to study water as a solid, liquid, and gas. Producers, Consumers, and Decomposers—Illustrates the relationships among these life-forms and explains why a balance is necessary for the survival of the biosphere. • Oceans (5 min.) • Cycles (5 min.) • Water’s Three States (6 min.) • Producers, Consumers, and Decomposers (4 min.)

QUIZ

Social Studies

  • Understanding Government (K-2, 3-5) – Examine the structure and values of American government by exploring the rules in our daily lives and the reasons for them, as well as the rules and reasons behind our government.
  • Separation of Powers – This series of video segments examines how the United States separates powers on national, state, and local levels and how our system of checks and balances protects and limits power. It concludes with a review of the Reagan presidency.
  • American Values in Conflict – This program explores conflicts in American history that have challenged the interpretation of the Bill of Rights: the Trail of Tears, the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II, and the events of September 11, 2001.
  • American Diversity – Explore the shape of American society, including how history, immigration, diversity, and social reforms have shaped our nation.
  • Understanding American Values – This program explores the American values of life, liberty, the pursuit of happiness, and patriotism in the U.S. and other countries.
  • Understanding Good Citizenship – Explore the responsibilities of citizens in a democracy and the factors to consider in selecting leaders.
  • We the People – Explore the history of democracy and the creation of American government. Students learn about the foundations of democracy and the creation of the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and the Bill of Rights.

Math

  • Problem Solving Math Volume I – Explore how numbers are used every day. Cardinal numbers are used to describe a quantity and ordinal numbers tell the order of things. Sometimes it is a good idea to count backwards. Mathematical symbols for less than and greater than are used to compare quantities. And finally, see how a whole quantity or object can be divided into two or more equal parts.
  • Problem Solving: Math Volume II – Some very important steps in the problem-solving process include making a diagram or a model, discussing the problem with a friend or a team, clearly communicating your process and results to an audience, and organizing your information so it is easily read and understood.